Adult therapy and counselling for individuals is probably the most common type of talking therapy since there are so many reasons for people to seek it out. Adult clients come to therapy to deal with personal crises, to explore their inner selves, to improve their relationships, to discover (or rediscover) their purpose, to help with physical and emotional problems, behavioural disorders, human-sexuality issues, and for many other reasons.
Individual talking therapy can help you to become more self-aware, self-confident and self-actualised, and it can play a huge part in positive personal growth.
One common reason that individuals seek adult therapy is that negative emotional experiences have started to interfere with daily life. Everyone feels sad, angry, bleak or in pain sometimes, it can affect your lack of self-esteem and self-confidence, but if those feelings start to dominate, it may be time to look into counselling.
Most therapists will begin by asking about all aspects of your life, particularly whatever specific thing has brought you to them. Once you have both decided that you feel comfortable working together, therapists have a range of tools to help you progress (depending on their modality and your needs).
Some therapists might ask you to do work between sessions, or use specific techniques like role-playing or mindfulness exercises.